Voltage Switch
The Voltage Switch Nav depicts an early four battery switch prototype with a weak attempt at a rotary switch.

Voltage Switch
The voltage switch is an electronic device that reconfigures capacitors and coils alternating between state 1 & state 2. Theory supports that wattage increases with each capacitor/coil pair rearranged in the configuration. State 1 is the charging configuration. State 1 self-reconfigures (via semi-conductor) to the discharging state 2 configuration and back again. This unique two state device pulses many times a second.

Capacitor Loss
By nature, charging and discharging a capacitor looses one half of it's stored wattage. A keen eye will notice that voltage is not loss in capacitor charge & discharge. Capacitors conserve voltage! This is important. This capacitor reconfiguration is unique, multiplying voltage many times. We hope to make up the wattage loss and then some, by making use of this principle.

Coils Conserve Amperage
Similar to caps, Coils have ability to conserve amperage. This is critical. We can multiply amperage many times through this unique coil reconfiguration.

Switching States
Voltage switch research will self-define through device trial & error, observed results, and collected data. The electronic circuit is only of nominal difficulty. Component costs are surprisingly low. Small chance of success, large chance of failure - what are we waiting for? This is definitely a tech geek project.

Discovery awaits
We are detailing the circuit now. Discovery is a process. Propose questions, brainstorm, select the most logical approach, build, test, examine the knowledge gained, propose the next questions. Solutions present themselves along this journey of steps.

Reality or Fiction
Caps are good at conserving voltage. Coils are great at conserving amperage. Multiplying up each potential separately is valid. Attempting to meld these potentials into wattage is unprecedented. This area of the research is undefined.



Simple Capacitor Test: Voltage Multiplied Proof

Requirements: [four identical capacitors, a 9 volt battery, a voltmeter, alligator leads].

Short the caps to ensure they are discharged.
Charge a cap (C1) to 9 volts and measure.
Wire the other three in series: C2 (+) to C3 (-) & C3 (+) to C4 (-).

Charge the series cap bank with C1: C1 (-) to C2 (-) & C1 (+) to C4 (+)
Now reconfigure.
Disconnect C1.

Connect C1 (+) to C2 (-) and measure from C1 (-) to C4 (+).

Yes, interesting isn't it!
More voltage than we started with!
Explain to yourself how the sum of the parts can be greater than the whole!



Joule Formula

J = 1/2 F V V

This is the formula for calculating joules of energy stored in a capacitor.
J = Joules
F = Farads
V = Voltage



Simple Capacitor Test: Wattage Loss Proof

Requirements: [two identical 22uF capacitors, a 9 volt battery, a voltmeter, alligator leads].

Short the caps to ensure they are discharged.
Charge a cap (C1) to 9 volts and measure. Yup, call it 9 volts.

It's joule content calculates to .891 joules.
Capacitor 1: initial energy content calculation:
J = 1/2 (F) (V) (V)
J = 1/2 (.022) (9) (9)
J = 1/2 (.022) (81)
J = 1/2 (1.782)
J = .891

Connect C1 (+) to C2 (+) & C1 (-) to C2 (-).
Notice the voltage drops to 4.5 volts across both capacitors.
Disconnect and measure each cap.
Each cap's joule content calculates to .223 joules.

Capacitor 1: final energy content calculation:
J = 1/2 (F) (V) (V)
J = 1/2 (.022) (4.5) (4.5)
J = 1/2 (.022) (20.25)
J = 1/2 (.446)
J = .223

Capacitor 2: final energy content calculation:
J = 1/2 (F) (V) (V)
J = 1/2 (.022) (4.5) (4.5)
J = 1/2 (.022) (20.25)
J = 1/2 (.446)
J = .223


Initial energy = .891 joules.
Final energy = .446 joules [.223 joules + .223 joules].
The final combined energy is half of the initial.
Half the wattage has been lost in the reconfiguration.

[No tricks here, this is a factual proof. Try it!]



Energy Destruction
According to the law of conservation of mass and energy, Loosing Wattage is not possible!
And yet - There it is!
Explain how the sum of the parts can be lesser than the whole! A classical point of view can not account for this discrepancy. We must open our minds. We do not believe in energy destruction. A wider point of view becomes necessary to manage the new dynamics. The truth is available to us. Remaining ignorant or naysaying is no longer an option. It falls to the bold to gain the correct perspective.

Expertise / Money
This project requires expertise more than money. The use of semi-conductors for the switching (reconfiguration) of the cap/coil pairs is the focus. We are working up a prototype first build using the Arduino.

Getting Started
The goal is to charge the coils in series and the caps in parallel during state 1. State 2 is dumping the coils in parallel and discharging the caps in series. There it is! The concept is simple. But not so easy to build! Rise times, partial charging and effect, collapse times, component timing limitations, circuit timing limitations, capacitor wattage loss, coil losses, circuitry unknown behaviors, all add to the complexity of voltage switch success.

All -vs- Nothing
It is obvious that most circuits and builds will lead to less out than in. So, "No Gain" is the normal expectation. A single build that shows any gain changes everything. The project is successful with the first single successful build! So, builds that do not work out is the default standard. Let us not be deterred.

Feasibility?
Obviously, Every build will fail if more out than in is not possible. Environmental energy and heat pumps have proven that more out than in is possible. 10 failed builds, or even a hundred, does not determine this research invalid. More out than in remains possible.

I Don't Know?
No one in the public domain appears to understand, have successfully named, or made practical use of this type of environmental energy. If it exists, lack of understanding is not valid proof to deny it's existence. Um, isn't that the definition of ignorance. Ignorance of this type of environmental energy does not deny the existence of this type of environmental energy. Conversely, thinking of and concepting a unicorn, does not make it exist. There is support for it's existence, but no proof. We must theorize, test, and measure. Only data proves or disproves. (Sometimes it shows not enough data.) So, Let's try.

Hope
Small chance of success, large chance of failure- What gives this hope and drives us to try? We know that we can multiply volts with caps. We know that we can multiply amps with inductors (coils). Wattage is volts x amps. One theory supports that combining both multiplied potentials may combine and produce greater wattage. The sum of the multiplier parts (volts, amps) appear to be and may prove to be greater than the input. Okay, (6 + 6 = 12) is all fine and good. (6 + 6 = 13) makes no sense. However (6^2) + (6^2) >= 13 makes perfect sense! If the advantage from the inductors will join with and complement the advantage from the capacitors, then a theoretical gain can be concepted. If our minds can grasp this concept, then let's build and test some circuits. When the circuit gains are greater than the circuit losses..., Well, I guess the fat lady has sung!

Naysayers
Naysayers exist. They always will. However, they may be correct. If they are incorrect, but we are never successful, does that make them valid? No, it simply remains unproven. What is likely to be the truth? We must sail our ships to discover the new world. You must push down fear of the unknown to build, test, and measure! We are only seeking truth. Fortunately, the components to build the voltage switch are inexpensive - as we may pointlessly embark towards a dead end. What if the naysayers are wrong, and the theory is sound? Would the benefits outweigh the costs? Is it logical to try? We think so too!

Builds -vs- Odds
Most builds create understanding. Sometimes bolstering confidence, support, and odds. Sometimes lessening confidence. With little in the way of builds on this project, confidence remains unchanged. This is still all or nothing. Only circuit attempts can hope to answer the question of - does it work?

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